A mattress is a large pad for supporting the reclining body, used as a bed or as part of a bed.
Mattresses may consist of a quilted or similarly fastened case, usually of heavy cloth, that contains hair, straw, cotton, foam rubber, etc.,
or a framework of metal springs.Mattresses may also be filled with air or water.
The word mattress derives from the Arabic matrah, which means "something thrown down" or "place where something is thrown down" and hence "mat, cushion".
During the Crusades Europeans adopted the Arabic method of sleeping on cushions on the floor, and the word materas eventually descended into Middle English through the Romance languages.
Early mattresses contained a variety of natural materials including straw, feathers or horse hair. In the first half of the 20th century, a typical mattress sold in North America had an innerspring core and cotton batting or fiberfill. Modern mattresses usually contain either an inner spring core or materials such as latex, viscoelastic or other flexible polyurethane foams. Other fill components include insulator pads over the coils that prevent the bed's upholstery layers from cupping down into the innerspring, as well as polyester fiberfill in the bed's top upholstery layers.
In 1899 James Marshall introduced the first individually wrapped pocketed spring coil mattress now commonly known as Marshall coils. Mattresses may also be filled with air or water, or a variety of natural fibers, such as in futons. Kapok is a common mattress material in Southeast Asia, and coir in South Asia. In North America the typical mattress sold today is an innerspring; however there is increasing interest in all-foam beds and so-called hybrid beds, which include both an innerspring and high-end foams such as visco-elastic or latex in the comfort layers. In Europe, polyurethane foam cores and latex cores have long been popular and make up a much larger proportion of the mattresses sold.
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Foam-encased innerspring mattresses offered with Individually Wrapped Coils or VertiCoil technology, upholstered with the highest quality fabrics and materials. more
“Best” quality mattresses offered with high quality Natural Latex or Visco-elastic foam cores that conform to your body’s contours for a special night’s sleep. more
“Better” quality traditional two-sided innerspring mattresses offered with Foam Encased individually wrapped coil or VertiCoil innerspring mattresses units. more
“Better” quality one-sided innerspring mattresses with either steel or wood foundations. more
“Good” quality one-sided innerspring mattresses matched with wood foundations. more
Ticking is the protective fabric cover used to encase mattresses. more